Amid massive global debt, gold as protection could save the market industry
“This could be the end, beautiful friend.?Right here is the end, my only friend, the end”The Doors, The conclusion, 1967
“We certainly have 2 kinds of?forecasters, people who don’t know individuals don’t know they don’t know.”John Kenneth Galbraith, economist, public official, diplomat, 1908C2006
“I obviously have no opportunity to?forecast?gold prices. I have been previously in the field for Three decades, and it also occupies my head all the time.”Peter Munk, former chairman and founder Barrick Gold, 1927C2019
This past year, 2019, has been a very volatile year. Previously, we outlined how in 2019 there were five days where Dow Jones Industrials (DJI) had fallen 600 points or even more. We’d revisit 2011 to uncover one and back in 2008 to discover four or five. 2019 has not been a nice year. Out from a directory of 37 indices supplied by The Economist weekly, only six were standing on the year. The worst performer continues to be China’s Shenzhen Composite even though the best continues to be Brazil’s Bovespa Index. We have now stated that global stock markets have entered a bear market. If you find the one thing seems certain presently, it truly is that, entering 2019, both volatility additionally, the bear will keep. Those conditions are ideal for gold plus it should rise.
It is interesting thinking about a extended dated chart of your VIX Volatility Index, okay its beginnings in 1990. Since 1990, right here is the fifth time of elevated volatility. The first period actually got underway in 1996 as you move the markets remained rising. Volatility didn’t abate prior to the markets started rising again in 2003. When the markets bottomed in October 2002, they’d retraced themselves right to March 1997.
Following a family member quantity of tranquility for the reason that stock markets rose to a final top in October 2007, volatility had begin to rise earlier in April 2007. Volatility did start to calm by May 2009 following market bottomed in March 2009. The moment one more bottom was observed in March 2009, the industry had fallen to levels last seen in August 1996. Quite simply, the market industry erased 13 several years of gains (see long-term VIX and S&P 500 chart below).
Volatility obtained again in July 2011 though the 2011 EU/Greek crisis become short-lived and, one more time, volatility calmed by December 2011. Industry have a good duration of low volatility since it relentlessly climbed inside a huge bull market backed by ultra-low mortgage rates and quantitative easing (QE). Volatility picked up in July 2015 when QE was ending, but once again the crisis was short-lived and volatility begun to fall by March 2016. Underneath is at February 2016.
The market became popular again, reaching new heights, and volatility fell to record lows. But volatility has found just as before in January 2019 once the market topped. It hasn’t eased since, despite a quick respite between May and October if your markets recovered thus hitting just one more all-time high. But volatility never fell anywhere near previous record ‘abnormal’ amounts.
Despite the volatility and setbacks, the DJI and also the S&P 500 have enjoyed stellar gains from 1990 onwards. The DJI has gained 790% or roughly 28% a year. The S&P 500 comes to an end 650% or roughly 23% a year. Gold has increased only 208%, gaining roughly 7% each and every year. The time 1990C2019 had two of the biggest and longest bull markets in the past, first from 1990 to 2000 and after that from 2009 to 2019. Both faced only shallow corrections. The 1990 to 2000 bull had two corrections, first in 1994 and again in 1998. Similarly, this year’s to 2019 bull also faced only two corrections of significance next year and again in 2015/2016. None for these corrections exceeded 20%. ?
It’s what happened among that will concern investors. The markets faced two 50% plus collapses. The markets hadn’t seen anything prefer that because the collapse in 1973/1974. Before that, one has to resume the truly great Depression as well as collapses of 1929/1932 and 1937/1938.
Elliott Wave International believes we now have hit a historic zenith. Imagine we have completed five waves up on the 1932 Great Depression low. Waves 1 and 2 were first the wave up from 1932 that topped in 1937 accompanied by the 1938 collapse which has been leg a couple of the Great Depression. Wave three got underway and took years to help make its final top in 1966. Wave four was the inflationary recession in the 1970s with its nominal bottom in 1974. Wave five was the longest bull market in history that Elliott Wave believes made its final top in October 2019. Grant you, it really is unconfirmed presently. Only time will tell. But, if correct, then Elliott wave believes the DJI could collapse no less than returning to the levels seen in the bottom in March 2009 even lower.
So far, all of that may be going on in 2019 is an additional possible correction of 2011 and 2015/2016. The DJI together with other stock indices made new lows this past week, however they never have removed the February 2019 lows. However, several have for example the TSX Composite making new 52-week lows. At its worst, the correction until now was down only a bit over 12% similar to the DJI and also the TSX Composite. Pretty normal, reallywe don’t consider it an even more serious bear market until we’ve been down at least 20%. What’s not been normal is a volatility, because of the variety of 600 plus down days in 2019.
There lots of factors that cause the volatility additionally, the fear that may seem to ebb and flow sold in the market. The primary focus on the looming crisis is debt. But the crisis is about more than solely debt. It’s about the clash of titans as China along with the U.S. battle out for global supremacy. It is about rising nationalism that threatens to consider us back in the “Dirty Thirties,” a time where fascism reared its ugly head. Additionally there is the potential of a looming constitutional crisis while in the U.S. because President comes under deepening scrutiny due to testimonies by former aides, a lot of whom have been indicted in the ongoing Mueller investigation. Finally, it is about the looming environmental crisis that nobody appears to agree upon. Any or all these could produce one of the more devastating wall street game collapses ever since the Great Depression.
It won’t be a collapse that occurs overnight. Much more likely it’ll play itself out a duration of years. Any currency markets collapse is likely to resemble the collapse of 1930C1932 or 1973C1974. Those bear markets were just relentlessly down. The collapses of 2000C2002 and 2007C2009 saw a period of time that left everyone guessing, only to produce a swift devastating capitulation.
Global debt reached a degree of $247 trillion in Q1. Inevitably it can be higher now. Following 2017, it had reached $237 trillion, thus if the increase of $10 trillion/quarter holds it might be all the way to $277 trillion by the end of 2019. Globally, your debt to GDP ratio was 318% in Q1 and again probably higher now. It is unsustainable.
One of the most popular increases has long been non-financial corporate debt, rising to $74 trillion and assend from $58 trillion in barely 5yrs. Globally, the company sector is overborrowed and leveraged up. Chinese housing debt is a potentially serious problem, but the main problem is everywhere, not just for China. Inside U.S., many corporations leveraged up simply to buy back their very own stock making an effort to push the indices higher. Binge-eating syndrome was the growth of government debt at $67 trillion, up from $56 trillion a few years earlier. Of your, the U.S. is accountable to 31% today at $21 trillion. Personal debt stood at $61 trillion following Q1 up from $56 trillion while household debt was $47 trillion up from $40 trillion. The total debt to GDP exceeds 600% within the United Kingdom and Japan.
If it were only some voices sounding the alarm bells, they might be easily dismissed. But respected authorities just like the IMF, major banks like Citigroup, and investment the likes of Blackrock, and respected economic publications like The Economist are sounding the alarm bells. Lots of people are predicting than a recession might get underway in 2019, if not in 2010, certainly by 2020/2021. The reality is governments are handicapped as a result of the economic of 2008. They no longer develop the lack of ability to bail from the economic climate if you have a collapse. Many years of ultra-low interest levels and large injections of liquidity and increase of debt have produced at best feeble sub-par economic growth.
Instead of a bail-out, the keyword is bail-in as debt could well be reconstructed as equity, including deposits not insured by deposit insurance. A wide-spread financial collapse could quickly exhaust deposit insurance funds, as was seen in the 2008 crisis. Choose your lender carefully. Canadian banks will be the best capitalized by in the toughest regulations on the globe.
A global banking crisis is usually a distinct possibility. Italy, France, Eastern Europe, China, Japan, England, along with the U.S. have banks which might be vulnerable. Inside EU, the ECB is intending to absolve quantitative easing (QE), but given EU GDP growth may be sticky at best, ending QE could turn into disaster. Japan may be experiencing numerous rolling recessions and depending on recent numbers may seem to entering a different one.
Mario Draghi, your head on the ECB, is stepping down as well as battle to succeed him could look a lot more a Game of Thrones scenario, assuming anyone will need the job. The EU is within turmoil with Merkel of Germany departing, Macron of France in deep trouble, and will in the uk poised to fall because the potential collapse of Brexit. A worst-case scenario for the U.K., as noted by BOE head Mark Carney, is the fact a difficult Brexit could see the U.K. GDP shrink by 8%, the housing and commercial real estate market collapse almost half, sharply rising unemployment, plus a collapsing pound sterling. His worst-case scenario just isn’t pointing towards a recession; it points to a depression. Although Carney continues to be heavily criticized for his gloomy outlook, it wouldn’t be dismissed. Mark Carney seriously isn’t Marc Faber (aka Dr. Doom, this author of the Gloom, Boom and Doom Report).
One must keep in your mind the fact that predictive power the top finance companies is especially suspect. Few, if any, predicted the collapse of the mortgage security market in 2008 nor the collapse of two giant investment banks. But happen they did. The question forward motion will not be a great deal of could it happen, but where it affects and who it will happen to. The expectation is usually that at some time there will be a shock collapse C aka a black swan event. Many have noted that Deutsche Bank of Germany is actually a potential collapse candidate. A collapse of Deutsche Bank makes Lehman Brothers look puny. Perfectly logical the German government is pushing a Deutsche Bank/Commerzbank merger.
But any collapse isn’t just restricted to Deutsche Bank. Within the U.S., leveraged loans are near record levels, with $2.53 billion in withdrawals during the past weeka record. Mutual funds saw the greatest withdrawal of $1.82 billion while ETFs lost $705 million. That was the final consecutive week of withdrawals. Somebody is nervous. And this is contrary to the backdrop of the U.S. economy that continues to hum along rapidly growing problems. It may be a false dichotomy. It absolutely was the collapse of your U.S. housing industry that led to the near collapse on the overall economy. Housing investing arenas are another area of concern on account of numerous sharply rising prices that have already triggered a bubble. Rising interest rates and tightening credit conditions could lead to housing industry collapses inside the U.K., the U.S. (again), Canada, and Australiato mention a few which are vulnerable. Massive quantities of debt imply governments are ill-equipped to bail them out as happened in 2008/2009.
Trade wars and sanctions are usually taking their toll. Sanctions are simply just another word for trade wars. The U.S. is linked to trade wars and sanctions because of so many countries that even we’ve had trouble trying to tally each of them up. But it surely would not be an oversight to convey that two-thirds of the population of the universe is either under sanctions or needed for trade wars using the U.S.
Trade wars have been catalysts to world war. In 1907, former British Pm Arthur Balfour (1902C1905) told a famous diplomat, “We are probably fools to never find a cause for declaring war on Germany before she builds a great number of ships and takes away our trade.” By 1914 Germany was surpassing Britain’s economic output and was challenging British supremacy in the overseas empire and its colonies. Britain had signed military alliances with France and Russia while Germany formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary.
Britain might have ruled the seas, but Germany was building financial powerhouse through steel production, and tank, plane, and shipbuilding. Germany, not a significant naval power like Britain has also been creating a railway referred to as a Berlin/Baghdad railway that is going to link Europe with Asia. Whether it been there as well this is because the current-day comparison is China’s “Belt & Road” initiative (BRI), often known as the “Silk Road Economic Belt.” Britain made an effort to stop or reduce speed Germany’s railway as well as the U.S. is wanting to prevent or slow China’s silk road. How? The British armed groups beside the Berlin/Baghdad railway and thru bribes had them attack and disrupt. The U.S. is involved in or has encouraged wars in key countries such as Syria along the way from the BRI. Iran can be another key conduit for your BRI.
The end of WW1 unleashed currency wars that led to the trade wars of your 1930s. The dislocations of reparations on Germany and the Great Depression led to a greater of nationalism and fascist governments in Germany, Italy, and Japan, amongst others. Smoot-Hawley (1930) additionally, the trade wars of the 1930s eventually led all over again to real war. There was a praoclaiming that “when goods don’t cross borders, soldiers will.” The quote was associated with a 19th-century French liberal economist Frederic Bastiat 1801-1850.
The economic dislocations of your financial collapse of 2008, along with “those left behind” as a consequence of globalization, have seen the growth of nationalism yet again. In Europe, nationalistic populist parties have seized power in Hungary, Poland, and Italy and robust nationalistic parties are active in numerous other EU countries including France, Germany, britain, Austria, and, surprisingly, many of the Scandinavian countries including Denmark and Sweden.
Protests and violence have grown a regular occurrence in several EU countries. But it’s elsewhere too. Right-wing parties have seized power in Brazil and will accomplish this in many other Latin American countries. The Philippines has changed into a de facto right-wing dictatorship. Nationalism can be rising in United states, particularly in the U.S. and, to a lesser extent, in Canada. The U.S. is led with a nationalist-populist President. ?Like for example yesteryear, nationalistic populist parties’ blame is focused on “the others” or, in such a case, immigrants.
Global tensions have already been rising as trade wars and sanctions threaten to be real wars. There’s been an enormous build-up of the military all down the Russian border and the Baltic and Black Seas. NATO and Russian warplanes buzz along side border and again inside the Baltic and Black Seas. War destroyers of both China additionally, the U.S. and Japan prowl the waters of the South China Sea and get come perilously near to collisions. Russia has moved nuclear bombers into Venezuela, and Chinese and Russian aircraft carrier ships are threatening to prowl the waters of the Ocean. Chinese naval ships result heli-copter flight coast of Alaska, and Chinese, Russian, U.S., together with other warships prowl the med Sea. Tensions continue while in the Mid-East when the U.S., Russia, and Turkey vie for power.
The U.S. has constantly threatened Iran. Iran is the world’s fifth-largest oil producer and natural gas producer. Iran abuts the Straits of Hormuz where one-third in the world’s oil passes. Iran can be another key conduit for China’s silk road. Finally, tensions and a low-level war persist in Israel using the Palestinian territories and Israeli bombing of Iranian facilities in Iraq.
Climate change is deemed a geopolitical threat. Yet there exists a constant battle between individuals that recognize the hazards of coffee and people who deny global warming may be a threat or simply exists. Already climate changeor however one needs to consider itis causing major dislocations with fierce hurricanes, tornadoes, devastating fires, freak flooding and snowstorms, drought, and rising sea levels, as well as threatening bio-diversity and continuation of species. ?Whether one hopes to believe climatic change is real or you cannot, the best threat, as laid out by maybe the U.S. Pentagon and also the CIA, is always to food supplies. Gwynne Dyer wrote a novel in 2008 entitled Climate Wars wherein he describes a new at war for survival because the world overheats. The majority of what he wrote about has already been happening or perhaps is pointed in the direction.
Wall Street could possibly be starting out take note of the Mueller investigation once the testimony, indictment, and jail term of Trump’s former lawyer Michael Cohen. Once Wall Street became wary of the Watergate investigation especially following main points the “Saturday Night Massacre” in October 1973, a good decline inside stock trading game intensified. A fresh Democrat-controlled Congress takes office in January 2019. The investigation of President Trump will certainly intensify. Attempts to impeach him could produce a constitutional crisis together with violence over the streets as he whips up supporters.
All of those themes are present and may continue into 2019. Given the current direction, are all absolute to intensify when the year progresses. You will encounter ebbs and flows and, even as have witnessed already, if you don’t be particularly clear. Currency markets volatility will certainly continue. Some are even touting a 1929-style crash then yet another excellent Depression. Due to the current direction this is a possibility and should not be dismissed as the ravings of perma-bears, doomsayers, and charlatans. Warnings from the IMF, the Pentagon, among others must not be taken lightly or dismissed.
In relations to cycles we follow, our suspicion is that often something bigger are at play. We have now noted during the past the financial collapse of 2007C2009 was most likely the culmination of three major cycles. They were: the 75-year cycle, which came 75C77 years after 1932; the 37.5-year cycle, which came 33C35 years following your 1973-1974 stock market collapse; additionally, the 18.75-year cycle, which came 21 years as soon as the stock market collapse of 1987. All were in a acceptable range. Some have wondered as to whether there exists a 90-year cycle of major depressions/long steep recessions. Ninety years after 1932 comes 2022. Ninety years before 1932 was 1842 and also the U.S. as well as world were in the grips of your deep economic downturn.
The well-known 4-year cycle includes a selection of 3C5 years. It last bottomed in 2015/2016. As we enter 2019, we’re this chair was created stages for the potential four-year cycle low which may include 2019C2021. We are seeing a stable 6.5-year cycle (range 5C8 years) and this too last bottomed in 2015/2016. It truly is next due 2020C2024. A unique cycle that will get little notice could be the Mayan cycle of 51.6 years. If, since we suspect, the markets topped in 2019, you can return back 51.6 many years we reach 1966. That year proved to be a major top for one more 16 years prior to the final (inflation-adjusted) bottom in August 1982. There initially were a couple of instances of marginally higher nominal highs but by using an inflation-adjusted basis, the 1966 top wasn’t disposed until 1994. The 18.75-year cycle has some overlaps together with the 6.5-year cycle. The number to your 18.75-year cycle is 13C22 years. So the next individual is born about 2022C2031. All this points to any decline that is at least 30% and much more likely one among 50%C60% la 2008.
We are showing a truly long 200-year chart of your DJI below. There are a couple interesting observations. We noted the opportunity for a likely 90-year cycle. We’ve got circled three periods. The primary period runs from roughly 1837 to 1861, the next 1929C1949, along with the third covers the time 2000C2009 only. The primary two periods occurred in a range of roughly 90 years apart (1837C1929 = 92 years; 1861C1949 = 88 years). Both were periods of monetary depressions and wars. Your second period which can be blocked by helping cover their reduce costs referred to as the “Long Depression” running from 1873C1896. Another blocked-out period was the long recession of the 1970s that ran roughly from 1966 to 1982, although 1984 is more appropriate just about the most became a higher low. Again, the periods are roughly 90 years apart (1873C1966 = 93 years; 1896C1984 = 88 years).
A sign of these types of periods of depressions and recessions became a sharp turndown followed usually by the duration of a respite than another sharp downturn. That is certainly the case with 1837C1861 and 1929C1949 whilst the other periods 1873C1896 and 1966C1984 very choppy up and downswings. The period 2000C2009 isn’t going to mould to the 90-year cycle. We noted you one is the most likely the 75-year cycle. In the event the 90-year cycle theory holds, you will need to do observe that 2019 is 89 years from 1929. At the opposite end 1949 + 90 = 2039. Shall we be held prepared for any any period of time of recession or depression lasting 20 years? Considering the current direction of many things, now we have noted it’s not after world of impossibility and should not be dismissed too hot too fast. ?
Note how the DJI has overthrown its 75% prediction band. It would not be unusual to acquire it fall back while in the band one more time and test the center line. It is currently down near 5,000. The 2008 financial collapse only tested the top of side of the band. Truly the only other time the DJI overthrew possibly this case underthrew the predictive band was during the Great Depression.
One thing that performed well during previous periods of depressions and recessions was gold. Whenever we accept the point that gold is money (many don’t), you need to ought to examine the performance of gold during those periods. To be sure, the modern world was largely on the gold standard through the 19th century and to the Twentieth century. The gold price was fixed. We possess a history of free-trading gold on the 1970s adopting the closing of the gold window by President Richard Nixon in August 1971. Throughout the Great Depression, the Gold Reserve Act of 1934 revalued gold upward from US$20.67 to US$35, a roughly 70% increase.
But clearly there was more. Gold stocks were active the other of your key stocks was Homestake Mining (HM) (since merged with Barrick Gold in 2002). During the Great Depression, whilst the DJI was falling 89% HM was rising. By 1933, HM was up 474% in which it was swapping 1929. Dome Mines, another large gold miner gained 558% within the same period. HM acted like a proxy for gold.
During the 1970s gold and gold stocks vastly outperformed the DJI as well as the currency markets. Gold rose from $35 into a peak of $875 in January 1980. Should the stock markets were beginning launch twenty six years ago, gold was still trading between $300 to $400 up from $35 in 1970. Similarly, gold stocks soared through the 1970s. HM rose from roughly $1.50 in 1969 to some peak of $21 by 1980 a gain of roughly 1,300%. HM continued to be trading around $9 twenty six years ago if your market did start to lift off.
Gold last peaked this year at about $1,923. Today, it languishes near $1,250. However, gold has long been rising in all of the major currencies. While gold comes to an end about 19% in US$ terms looking at the major lower 2015, gold has risen within the same period almost 34% in Canadian dollars, 36% in euros, 15% in Japanese yen, and 43% in pound sterling. Despite considerable malignment than the stock indices the TSX Gold Index (TGD) has risen 52% through the major reduced late 2015. That’s actually outperformed the TSX that’s only up 26% additionally, the S&P 500 up 34% during the same period of time.
Gold works as a shelter at times of monetary stress. It behaves as a hedge against a share market crash. Gold is money. There is intrinsic value with out liability, unlike bonds and stocks. Currencies (Cdn$, US$, euros, etc.) are backed by nothing except a promise to pay (I.O.U.) ab muscles meaning of fiat currency. Gold contains a limited supply, unlike a government printing press. Bargains have ensured that no major new gold mines have been discovered over the past decade.
The importance of gold strengthens over a long time. The US$ (and Cdn$) taking purchasing command over a good timeframe. When Richard Nixon closed the gold window in 1971, US$1,000 purchased 28.5 troy ounces of gold. Today, that very same US$1,000 tends to buy only 0.80 troy ounces of gold. For even Canadians, Cdn$1,000 purchased precisely the same 28.5 troy ounces of gold in 1971. ?Today, Cdn$1,000 tends to buy only 0.60 troy ounces of gold. When someone took that $1,000 in 1970 and hang it underneath a mattress, they can still need $1,000 today. But if they purchased 28.5 ounces of gold and hang up it in the mattress, we can have U.S.$35,000 or Cdn$47,000 today.
The volatility with the wall street game in the past year suggests problems ahead. Loads of negatives are starting to come together since we go deep into 2019. As we are correct, then odds favor how the stock indices may just be short of 2019. You will encounter areas which do better. Some parts of technological complexity, healthcare and consumer staples are three that come under consideration.
History is replete with debt collapses along with wall street game panics, depressions, and war. They always say “this who’s takes a different approach.” Just the thing that is certainly different is the thing that might trigger a collapse. “Black Swan” events occur. Think about war C Pearl Harbour December 1941, sudden shocks C Arab Oil Embargo October 1973, 9/11 attacks September 2001 or financial shocks C Lehman Brothers September 2008. Now we have outlined many risks as we enter 2019 and none of them are favorable. But gold contains a reputation of acting as an excellent haven during periods of monetary stress. It could be worthwhile your can purchase some.
Markets and trends
New highs/lows refer to new 52-week highs/lows. ? David Chapman
(Featured image by DepositPhotos)
individualised market advice. David Chapman has worked from the financial sell for over Forty years including large financial corporations, banks, and investment dealers. The results in such a newsletter is supposed mainly for informational and educational purposes. It should not often be a solicitation of any offer or sale of a typical security. Someone assumes all risk when trading in securities and David Chapman advises consulting a certified professional financial advisor before proceeding with any trade or idea presented in such a newsletter. We share our ideas and opinions for informational and educational purposes only and expect the reader to complete required research before considering a position in a different security. Including dealing with your own private licensed professional financial advisor.
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